I have been undertaking academic writing, editing and proofreading for over twenty years with a variety of stakeholders and academic institutions, including the University of Tasmania, Queensland University of Technology, University of Queensland, and the University of Melbourne.
Academic writing refers to the forms of expository and argumentative prose used by university students, faculty, and researchers to convey a body of information about a particular subject.
- Academic writing follows well-established conventions of citing and referencing, according to each discipline.
- Unlike creative writing, academic writing in English is linear, which means it has one central point or theme with every part contributing to the main line of argument, without digressions or repetitions. Its objective is to inform rather than entertain.
- Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective (usually), a clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and precise word choice.
- Academic writing is designed to convey agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts for a group of scholarly experts.
Academic research editing ensures the non-fictional information being presented is true and accurate. The research editor is commonly expected to verify the information in the text or correct any erroneous statements or claims. These errors are usually the result of careless investigative procedures. A research editor is normally concerned only with the validity of the information and does not typically critique other aspects of the material.